Senin, 30 Agustus 2010

SEJARAH ISLAM BOHONG


Lie Islamic History
So far, Muslims always claim that the city of Mecca and Kaaba and Zamzam water has been there since the days of Abraham. The following article will discuss the validity of these claims by comparing Muslims with other historical sources. The following article is divided into eight sections, namely:
1. Part One: Reviewing the claims of Muslims and what was said by the Islamic sources regarding the claim.
2. Part Two: Nabonidus (6 BC). Report discusses the king Nabonidus of Babylon (mid-6th century BC)
3. Part Three: Herodotus. Report discusses the Greek historian who lived in the 5th century BC
4. Part Four: Strabbo (23/24 BC). Discuss the reports prepared by the Roman historian named Strabbo who travel to the Arabian Peninsula to Yemen around the year 24-23 BC.
5. Part Five: Diodorus Siculus (1st century AD). Discussing Islam with false claims made utilizing Diodorus Siculus.
6. Part Six: Pliny (77 AD). Discuss the list of cities and towns in Arabic made by Pliny.
7. Part Seven: Claudius Ptolemy (150 AD). Discussing Islam with false claims using Ptolemy's writings
8. Section Eight: Procopius of Cesarea (6th century AD). Discussing the report of Caesarea Procipius historian who lived around 550 AD or contemporaneous with Muhammad's father and grandfather lived.
PART ONE: BY SOURCE OF ISLAM Muslims claim that linking Mecca, the Kaaba and Zamzam with Ibrahim and Ismail was based on several sources of the following:
There was an age of Abraham Kabah Source: QS 2: 125 And (remember) when We made the house (Baitullah) a gathering place for humans and safe place. And make friends one maqam Ibrahim place of prayer. And We have enjoined on Abraham and Ishmael: 'Purify My house for those who thawaf, which i `tikaaf, the bowing and the prostration`. "
City of Mecca had existed since the era of Abraham and Ishmael. Source: Ibn Ishaq's Sirah | Story History of the Prophet Oldest | Muhammadiyah University Press, Volume 1, page 65: When Ismail, son of Ibrahim's death, his son called Nabit given the task of a leader and ruler of the Ka'aba, then the task is resumed by Mudzadz Amr ibn al-Jurhumi. Children descendants of Ishmael and the children with their grandfather's descendants Nabit Mudzadz bin Amr and uncles from their mother's side of Jurhum, and Qatura progeny, which is a cousin Jurhum, time is a resident of Mecca. The They come from the land of Yemen, and to travel together into the land of Mecca. .... Then multiply the descendants of Ishmael God in Mecca.
Fountain of Zam-Zam has existed since the era of Abraham and Ishmael. Source: Sahih Bukhari Hadith | Volume 4, book 55, number 583: When the water in skin bags have been exhausted, Hagar became thirsty, so was Ishmael. Hagar saw Ismail who suffer from hunger in the state. Hagar leaving Ishmael because Ishmael could not bear to see suffering. ........ . Hagar continued to menurt ran between Safa and Marwa seven times. Prophet said, "It is the background of the tradition of pilgrims walking between Safa and Marwa" When Hagar reached the hill Marwa she heard one voice, Hagar then said, "Oh, whoever you are, you have made me hear your voice, if you could help me? And magically, she went and then saw an angel in the location of Zam Zam was digging the ground, until finally the water emanating from that place ....
So the city of Mecca has begun inhabited from around 2000 BC, and continues to happen expulsion tribes inhabited by tribes Jurhum Kinana and Khuza'a Source: Ibn Ishaq's Sirah | Story History of the Prophet Oldest | Muhammadiyah University Press, vol 1, page 67 As time passed, the tribe that controlled Mecca Jurhum start being less good and cocky authority. Anyone who enters the city of Mecca from their relatives who are not treated badly ... .... Banu Bakr ibn Abd Manat bin Kinana and Bani Ghubsan of Khuza'a Jurhum tribes agreed to fight and determined to oust them from Mecca .... And managed to expel Jurhum tribe from Mecca. .... Amir ibn al-Harith bin Mudzadz Jurhumi brought two deer statues and stone corner of the Kaaba (should: BLACK STONE) and buried in the well of Zamzam, and then go left Mecca with people Jurhum to Yemen.
This incident happened around mid-second century AD Source: Living History Mohammed | Rahman Al-Shaykh Shafiyyur Mubarakfury Robbani Press 1998, page 18 With the help of the descendants of Adnan, the sons of Bakr bin Manaf bin Kinanah Andi, they conduct attacks on the Jarham so successfully drove them and controlled Mecca in the mid-second century AD ... .. 'Amr ibn al-Harith ibn al Jarhami Madladl bin out two deer statue made of gold of the Kaaba and the Black Stone, and then stored in the Zamzam well.
Sculptures of deer, BLACK STONE well of Zamzam and only about 300 years and then found again by Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of Muhammad. Source: Ibn Ishaq's Sirah | Story History of the Prophet Oldest | Muhammadiyah University Press, vol 1, page 64 When Abdul Muttalib was sleeping beside the Ka'ba, he had a dream that told him to dig Zamzam ... ... Tribe have been fill Jurhum these places when they leave Mecca. It is well Ismail, the son of Abraham, where God gave him water when he was thirsty when he was a baby.
Source: Ibid, vol 1, page 67 When Abdul Muttalib has to get a conclusion about the location of places to explore, and apparently the same place with what is called in his dream, he took a hoe and took his only son as that of al-Harith, and he began to dig. When the top of the well it looked, he shouted 'Allah akbar! ". The people of Quraish who heard the cry of Abdul Muttalib came ... and said, "These are wells of our fathers Ishmael ...."
From Ibn Ishaq's sources lie above to see how Islamic traditions are made. Hard to imagine these things as follows:
1. Jurhum tribe that lost the war could take two deer and a black stone statue of the Kaaba.
2. Jurhum tribe that lost the war can be put in the well of Zamzam and menguruknya to Zam-Zam well stopped flowing.
3. How could spare unsuspecting Khuza'a Kinana and see the loss of black stone and the well of Zamzam which suddenly covering,, and then do not try to find a black stone.

If the tribe Kinana and Khuza'a not crazy - look at the well of Zamzam which is the wellspring and source of life all of a sudden in-landfill rates Jurhum to stop flowing - they'll immediately dig again to get water.
So the story of the irregularities can be concluded:
1. There is no age of the well of Zamzam Jurhum power, let alone an age around 2000 BC Ishmael.
2. Well of Zamzam was recently discovered by Abdul Muttalib early sixth century AD
3. Hitampun Stone also recently discovered by Abdul Muttalib early sixth century AD

That is why Umar had no respect for BLACK STONE, since it seems he knew that the black stone was recently discovered by Abdul Muthallib. Source: Sahih Bukhari 2667 Narrated by Abis bin Rabia: 'Umar went to the site near the Black Stone and kissed it and said, "No doubt, I know you are just a stone that will not benefit or harm anyone. If only I had not seen Allah's Apostle kissing you, I will not kiss you "
Even the source of Islam itself dubious claim that the Ka'aba was there since the days of Abraham and Ishmael. This excerpt tells the king As'ad Abu Carib tiban originating from Yemen who was traveling to Yathrib. Source: Ibn Ishaq's Sirah History Book of the Prophet Oldest | Muhammadiah University Press, June 2002, Volume 1, pages 15-16. Page 15: Tubba write these lines about his travels, what he did against Medina and the Kaaba, ... ....
I do not know about the existence of a pure temple Dedicated remedy god in the valley of Mecca, ....
According to the following sources As'ad Abu Carib tiban reigned in Yemen from the year 410 until 435 AD Source: Sabaean inscriptions from mahram Bilqis (Ma'rib), Jamme, WF Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1962, Volume III, page 387. link
.... he reigned in Yemen from 410 to 435 A.D.
So at the latest in the year 435 AD, the Ka'aba in Mecca was not known by a king of Yemen. Further consequence is apparently Mecca and the Ka'aba at that moment is not the main shrines in Arabia but is just one of many places of worship in Arabia. In fact it seems every city must have a holy shrine dedicated to the god of the city concerned. QS 27: 91: I only ordered to worship God this country (Mecca) English translations of Yusuf Ali: QS 27: 91: For me, I have been commanded to serve the Lord of this city
That is why when the population of a city of Taif approximately 50 km southeast of Makkah by Abraha's forces invaded his elephant, the inhabitants of Taif in fact advised them to destroy the temple in Mecca alone even offered to drive to Mecca Abraha. Source: Ibn Ishaq's Sirah | Story History of the Prophet Oldest | Muhammadiyah University Press, vol 1, page 34 They told Abraha: O king, we are your servants who pay attention and obey thee. We do not have any case with you, as well as our religious place - that was Al-Lat - not including what you are looking for. You want only existing temple in the city of Mecca, and we've included for you someone to take you there.
Very unique because in addition to not knowing the location of Mecca, who was a leader in Mekahpun not known by Abraha. Source: Ibid, page 35 Abraha sent a tribe called Hunata Himyari to Makkah to find out who the top leaders in Mecca, and to convey to him that his visit to the war but he was not with them but to destroy the Kabah ...
Further consequence of the above quote is:
· Kaaba in Mecca was not venerated as the legacy of Abraham and Ishmael.
· Cities Mecca was not an important city, it is probably only a small settlement.
· Even around 550s AD, the location of the Ka'aba and Mekahpun not known by the King of Yemen Abraha to be on the show by the inhabitants of Taif.

Even one poem that hung on the Ka'ba in the pre-Islam also gives an indication about the timing of construction of the Ka'aba that much more back than the time of Abraham and Ishmael who had been claimed. Source: The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East | Charles F. Horne Parke, Austin, & Lipscomb, 1917, Vol. V: Ancient Arabia, pages 19-40. link
The poem of Zuhair .... "Then I Swear by the temple, the men walk round Which | WHO built it from the Tribes of Quraysh and Turhum.
Then I swear by kui, who was surrounded by people who walk Those who build, from the tribe of Quraish and Turhum
Quraish himself was the ancestor of Muhammad by following the Islamic sources.
00 IBRAHIM 01 Ismail 02 Nabit 03 Yashjub 04 Tayrah 05 Nahur 06 Muqawwam 07 Udad 08 'Adnan 09 Mu'ad 10 Nizar 11 Mudhar 12 Ilyas 13 Mudrika 14 Khuzayma 15 Kinana 16 AL NADR (AL QURAYSH) 17 Malik 18 Fihr 19 Ghalib 20 Lu'ayy 21 Ka'ab 22 Murra 23 Kilab 24 Qussayy (Real name: Zayd) 25 'Abdu Manaf (Real name: Al Mughira) 26 Hashim (Real name: 'Amr) as Banu Hashim 27 'Abdu Al Mutallib (Real name: Shaiba) 28 'Abdullah 29 MUHAMMAD PBUH
So the Quraish lived 13 generations before Muhammad. According to a simple calculation: If a generation is about 30 years, the time difference between the Quraish and Mahammad SAW is 13 x 30 = 390 years. Muhammad was born around 570 AD Means Quraish lived around 570-390 AD 180 = year
So match what was written by Sheikh Al-Rahman Shafiyyur Mubarakfury stating that the descendants of Adnan invaded Jurhum around mid second century AD So it seems only at the end of the century's second city of Mecca and the Kaaba was built.
Hence the source of any Islamic-chaos of construction time Kabah. Source: Tafsir Ibn Kathir on Sura 3:96; [96] In fact the house originally built for the (place of worship) of human, is the House that at Bakka (Mecca) blessed and a guidance for all mankind. Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Dharr said, "I said," O Messenger of Allah, where the first mosque built in this world?. He said, "Al-Masjid Al-Haram (in Mecca)." I said, "Which one was built after that?". He replied, "Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem)." I said, "How much time between the development of both the building?" He said, "Forty years" - Can be accessed here.

According to the calculation: Abraham and Ishmael lived around 1900 BC - 2000 BC. King Solomon (Sulayman), who built the temple in Jerusalem to live seitar 1000 BC - 970 BC. So there are 1000-year timing differences between Ismail (who built the Ka'bah = Haram) by King Solomon (who built the Temple in Jerusalem). So how different can be said both only 40 years time?
PART TWO: SOURCES Nabonidus of Babylon (550 BC) The existence of Mecca is also lost on a historical record of the Babylonian king Nabonidus who mastered the Arab region. King Nabonidus move into Teima kingdom, a city on the north side of Medina for 10 years (550 BC - 540 BC) recorded in the poem The Story of Nabonidus. Source: Ancient Records from North Arabia, FVWinnett and WLReed, University of Toronto Press, 1970, 89 pages Nabonidus killed the prince of Teima and took his residency there and built his palace like his palace in Babylon.
Nabonidus kill the prince of Teima and take over his home and later built his palace was like a palace on the site of Babylon.
Still according to the source above, page 91, from the inscriptions found in Harran - city of origin Nabonidus - noted that he also conquered the cities of the Hijaz, including the Yathrib (Medina) and Khaybar. Khaybar own city located north of Medina, about 100 km in the direction toward the Teima. But there is absolutely no mention of the city of Mecca. This indicates that the city of Mecca did not exist then, so does not appear in the stage of history to the sixth century BC dipertengahan.
PART THREE: Herodotus The Greek historian Herodotus was living 484 BC to 430 BC SM/420. Wrote a book called The History, published around the year 425 BC. This book is a narrative history about the war Greco - Persian. In his third book of Herodotus wrote the following South Arabia. Resources, links.
Arabia is the last of inhabited lands Towards the south, and it is the only country Which produces frankincense, myrrh, cassia, cinnamon, and Laudanum.
Arabia to the south is the location most recently occupied, and this is the only region that produces frankincense, myrrh, cassia, cinnamon and opium.
So Herodotus notes that contrary to Islamic sources claim the Mecca region was inhabited since the 20th century BC and made the first inhabited this area and from the descendants of Ishmael Mekahlah then spread to all corners of the Arab. The historical record is clear, South Arabia is the region most recently inhabited. This is very clear because of migration from ancient Mesopotamia is heading toward southwest region of Israel and south through the eastern coast of the Arabian peninsula of Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen. That's why the Arab region and North Yemen first Arab territory inhabited compared to the South. If Khaybar and Medina emerged in sixth century BC, this means that in the sixth century BC Mecca could not have been there for more than farther south of Medina. So how can the existing Mecca in the 20th century BC.
PART FOUR: SOURCES OF ROMAN STRABBO (23/24 BC) In the year 30 BC, Egypt subdued and became one of the Roman province. After conquering Egypt, the Romans tried to continue penaklukkannya to the Arab peninsula to the region of Yemen who was then an empire. In the year 23/24 BC, the Romans sent Aelius Gallus, the governor of Egypt to lead the conquest. Source: History of Rome, Books LIII.xxix. 3-8 | Dio Cassius, 220 M
For 23 BC: While this was going on, another and a new campaign at once Had its beginning and its end. It was conducted by Aelius Gallus, the governor of Egypt, against the country Arabia Felix Called
Year 23 BC: While everything works, a new expedition begins and ends. The expedition was led by Aelius Gallus, the governor of Egypt, towards Arabia Felix.
In this expedition included a historian and geographer named Strabo (died 22 AD) who then recorded these events in book 16 essay.
Arabian region map information can be accessed here.
Sources following quote taken from: Geography, Book XVI, Chap. iv, 1-4, 18-19, 21-26
In this book, quoted by the towns through which the Gallus on the way to go and return. Gallus through two different lines, where the route to go is through the desert on the eastern side of the Red Sea, while the return path is through the edge of the Red Sea. Gallus depart from the canal area around the river Nile and this is only possible from the immediate area of the Suez now. The first city to be visited is Leuce Come. Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.23. Gallus, notwithstanding, a built not less than Eighty biremes and triremes and galleys at Cleopatris near the old canal from the Nile Which leads. ... .. he constructed a Hundred and Thirty vessels of burden, in Which he embarked with about ten thousand infantry, ... ... he arrived on the Fifteenth day at Leuce-Come, a large mart in the territory of the Nabataeans, ... ... Gallus make no less than 80 boats in Cleopatris, near the old canals originating from the Nile .... He made 130 ships, where he departed with 10,000 troops ... ... he got Leuce Day Come to the 15th, a place of great trade in Nabatean territory ... ..
Nabatean territory itself is stretched between the borders of Syria with the Arab from the river Euphrates to the Red Sea. Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, sub topics Nabatean member of a people of ancient Arabia Settlements Whose lay in the borderlands Between Syria and Arabia, from the Euphrates River to the Red Sea. ... ...
Members of the ancient Arab societies inhabiting the border between Syria and the Arabs, from the Euphrates to the Red Sea ....
Come Leuce Nabatean are still areas of power, so the location was still near the Syrian border. So chances are the modern town of Al-Wajh in the region of Tabuk - Saudi Arabia. The trip continues towards Aretas territory. Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. ... After a march of many days, therefore, he Came to the territory of Aretas [modern Medina?], The WHO was related to Obodas. Received Aretas him "in a friendly manner, and offered presents. But by the treachery of Syllaeus, Gallus was conducted by a Difficult road through the country, for he Occupied Thirty Days in passing through it ..
... After walking for several days, Gallus achieve Aretas's territory, in alliance with Obodas. Aretas accept it graciously and give prizes. But because the lie Syllaeus (Vivaldi: Gallus signpost), Gallus had to go through a very difficult road through the area, where he spent 30 days through it.
Very probably this Aretas was the ruler of Medina area. While Obodas is the ruler of Khaybar. Both towns are close together, so it is probably both the alliance. By not mentioned the name of the city show that the second city is a city already known to the public. Medina and Khaybar was mentioned in the time of Nabonidus (550 BC), became the first century BC must have been a city known. From Al-Wajh to Medina is about 380 km through the hills with a quite difficult drawn from the quote above. On average Galus can only be advanced about 13 km each day.
The next town is Negrani. Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. The next country to Which Came he belonged to the Nomads, and was in great part a complete desert [the Debae]. It was Called Ararene. The king of the country was Sabos. Gallus spent fifty days in passing through this territory, for want of roads, and Came to a city of the Negrani, and to a fertile country peacefully disposed. The King Had fled, and the city was taken at the first onset. After a march of six days from thence, he Came to the river [in the land of the Minae].
The next area that he came was the power of nomadic tribes, and is almost entirely desert. Region called Ararene. Its king named Sabos. Gallus spends 50 days through this region and reach the town Negrani, fertile region that has been voluntarily abandoned. The king had fled and the town was occupied soon. After walking for six days from here, he reached a river [in the region Minae].
Trips taken is approximately 50 days through the desert before reaching Negrani. Very probably Negrani here is the city of Taif. The distance between Medina to Taif is approximately 500 km, passed in 50 days, mean velocity is about 10 km / day. This low speed because it is very likely in the event of a storm they had to stop running. Three other indications that strengthen Negrani is Taif is:
1. Because from here by walking for six days they found the river toward the south. This river is a river which lies to the north of Al-Qunfudhah. The distance between Taif until the river is about 150 km, meaning they run at speeds around 25 km / day.
2. City of Medina is the same as being on the east mountain range. So Gallus apparently walked along the edge of the mountains.
3. Al-Qunfudhah city is relatively close to the river of modern Yemen, which is about 300 kilometers north of Yemen. So very likely the town of al-Qunfudhah and rivers are under age of Gallus Minae power from Yemen.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, a sub-topic: Yemen The three most famous and Largest of Empires These Were the Minaean, the Sabaean (the Biblical Sheba), and the Himyarite (Homeritae Called by the Romans), all of Which Were Known throughout the ancient Mediterranean world; on their periods of ascendancy overlap Somewhat, Extending from roughly 1200 BC to AD 525.
Three kingdoms of the most famous and largest is Minaean, Saba and Himyar, all famous in the history of the ancient Mediterranean, the period of their rule lasted between 1200 BC to 525 AD
The trip continues towards Asca. Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. Immediately afterwards he took the city Called Asca, Which Had been abandoned by the king .. Soon after, he conquered the city Asca, which had been abandoned by her king.
So after finding the river, Galus soon find a city that is very possible Asca is Qal'at. Distance from the river to Qal'at close enough only about 150 km. So, it can be conquered immediately.
Then towards Athrula. Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. He thence Athrula Came to a city, and took it without resistance; having placed a Garrison there, and collected provisions for the march, consisting of grain and dates
He then reached Athrula city, and conquered it without a fight, put a garrison there, and collect supplies for the next trip, consisting of wheat, and dates.
Very likely is the city of Najran Athrula because this is where they increased supplies due to Najran was a fertile oasis city. History records this city was first visited by the Romans in the year 24 BC that is the time when Gallus do his expedition.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, sub-topics: Najran town, oasis, ... .. First visited by the Romans in 24 BC, .... Najran was one of the main centers producing frankincense and myrrh to supply the Mediterranean basin and the Middle East Between 1000 BC and AD 600.
City, oasis .... Was first visited by the Romans in 24 BC .... Najran is the main town which produces frankincense and myrrh that supplies the Mediterranean and the Middle East between 1000 BC and 600 AD
Then to Marsiaba. Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. he proceeded to a city Marsiaba, belonging to the nation of the Rhammanitae, WHO Were subjects of Ilasarus. He assaulted and besieged it for six days, but raised the siege in consequence of a scarcity of water. ...
He went on to town Marsiaba, who ruled the nation Rhammanita, a submission under Ilasarus. Gallus attacked and besieged the city for six days, and meninggatkan siege due to lack of water.
Very probably this is Mar'ib Marsiaba a city famous for its dam that collapsed in the year 450/451 AD
So on the way to reach Yemen, there is no a city called Mecca at all. If at that time Mecca was there with eyes that Zam Zam water is abundant, of course the city will be visited by Gallus. In the desert, people might be able to hide the sea, BUT CAN NOT HIDING OASIS. After the failure to conquer Marsiaba, Gallus decided to return to Egypt. On the way home was Gallus use another road that was faster. The first city is Negrana.
Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. Had he time to take another route back, for he arrived in nine days at Negrana, Nowhere was the battle fought, he has time to take another route to get back, Gallus reach Negrana in nine days, where a battle.
Negrana very likely is a modern Sa'dah in Yemen. Distance Mar'ib to Sa'dah is about 240 km, taken in nine days. Means they are running an average of 27 km / day. Then Seven Wells.
Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. and thence in eleven days he Came to the "Seven Wells" [modern Al-Qunfudhah], as the place is Called from the fact of there on their existing. Thence he marched through a desert country, and Came to Chaalla a village,
and then within 11 days achieve the 'Seven Wells', a place that is called by the existence of these wells. Then they walked through the desert and arrived at a settlement named Chaala.
Experts say that the Seven Wells this is Al-Qunfudhah. Sa'dah distance to the Al-Qunfudhah is about 370 km, taken in 11 days. Means they are running an average of 34 km / day. While Chaala possibility is the modern Al-Lith. Then towards Malothas.
Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. and then to another Called Malothas [perhaps modern Jeddah], situated on a river. And then onto Malothas, located disebuah river.
The city is situated on the edge of a river, and very likely is a modern city of Jidda because there is a river there.
Source: Strabo, XVI.iv.24. This road then lay through a desert country, Which Had only watering-A Few Places, as far as Egra [modern Yanbu] a village. It belongs to the territory of Obodus, and is situated upon the sea. This road then through the desert, which only has very little watering place, until you reach Egra. The city was signed in the region and situated on the edge Obodus beach.
After Jeddah, they found that very likely is Egra modern Yanbu because situated on the edge of the Red Sea. Again on the way back there is no city with the characteristics mentioned Mecca.
Conclusion: On the way to Yemen, after landing at Al-Wajh, Gallus and his troops moved towards the southeast toward the desert route to bypass the town of Medina - Taif - Qal'at - Najran and tried to conquer Mar'ib. While traveling home through the lane Mar'ib - Sa'dah - al-Qunfudhah - Al-Lith - Jidda and Yanbu.
Nothing at all like the city of Mecca penyebutkan with Zam-Zamnya springs. If only Mecca with eye-zamnya Zam water has existed since the time of Abraham (2000 BC), of course, the city will be bypassed by Gallus because in the desert, EYES WATER MORE VALUABLE THAN GOLD Diamond.

PART FIVE: Diodorus Siculus (1st Century BC) Freely translated the following excerpt from the writings of Islamic Awareness, which can be accessed here.
Diodorus Siculus was a Greek historian in the 1st century BC who wrote Bibliotheca Historica, a book that describes some parts of the world. The following excerpt is from the English translation quoted by Gibbon from the book of Diodorus Siculus describes a temple which was seen as the most sacred temple in Arabia. And a temple has been set-up there, Which is very holy and exceedingly revered by all Arabians. And a temple has been built there, a very sacred and respected by all Arabs.
Comment: In an attempt to justify these false claims, from the Islamic Awareness team must make another lie. A more complete quote is as follows: The WHO people inhabit the country Beside The Gulf, Who Are named the Banizomenes, support Themselves by hunting and eating the flesh of land animals. A very sacred temple has been established there Which is highly revered by all the Arabs. People who inhabit the area adjacent to the bay, called Banizomenes, who lived from hunting and eating the flesh of animals on land, And a temple has been built there, a very sacred and respected by all Arabs.
So this temple is the temple Banizomenes person, not a temple of Quraish. Continue where the location of settlements Banizomenes it. Agatharchides described by a historian who wrote a book called "On The Erythraean Sea in the year 145-132 BC. Link One encounters the Gulf Laeanites around Which there are many Villages of the so-called Nabataean Arabs ... .. Next after this section of the coast is a bay Which extends into the interior of the country for a distance of not less than five hundreds stades. Those WHO inhabit the territory within the Gulf Called Batmizomaneis acres and acres of land animals Hunters. Someone had found around the Gulf Laeanites where there are many settlements of the Nabatean Arabs ... .. Once these areas are still off the coast is that jutted into the bay around no less than 500 stadia. Those who inhabit this area in the bay area is a hunter named Batmizomaneis a land animal.
So the temple which is mentioned to be around the bay which lies between the Red Sea with the Arabian peninsula of Sinai, far from Mecca. That's why the Islamic Awareness team accidentally cut off part of the sentence just because it is quoted all the lies they will be directly visible.
PART SIX: UNDER Pliny (1st Century AD) After Mecca was not recorded in the history of sixth century BC to the 5th century BC and 1st century BC, we try to see what the historical record in the first century AD. The source is from a writer as well as a squadron leader of the Roman soldier is Pliny. Pliny was born in Como, Italy in the year 23 AD and died in 79 AD He completed his book entitled "Natural History" in 77 AD In compiling his book, based on the library of the Roman Pliny. In book 6, chapters 32 and 33 Pliny register 92 tribes and 62 cities in Arabia, but did not even mention the tribe Jurhum and Adnan and the city of Mecca. Pliny writing reinforces what was reported about 100 years earlier Strabbo where Mecca was not known.

PART SEVEN: ACCORDING Claudius Ptolemy (2nd Century AD) Freely translated the following excerpt from the writings of Islamic Awareness, which can be accessed here.
Interesting to know that Claudius Ptolemy of Alexandria, mathematician and astronomer, famous around the first century after Pliny, making maps of the world. He is not a geography expert so his book is only intended to explain the maps that he created. He mentioned that about 114 towns and settlements in the Arabian Felix. For example, Dumaetha, described being on the northern border town Daumet Arabia Felix was the mid-century, and now is a great oasis called Al Jawf. Hejr, famous in the days of ignorance, now known as Medayin Salih, is a city Egra according to Ptolemy. City Thaim is Teima, renowned for its inskripsinya about the existence of the temples and the fifth century BC residents. This is the theme of Job. While Lathrippa, which is located adjacent to the Iambia (Yambo), also known IAthrippa by Stephan of Byzantium, Yathrib according to early Arab traditions, now is the El Medina. Also mentioned is also a place called Macoraba identified as Mecca. According to GE von Grunebaum: Mecca is mentioned by Ptolemy, and the name he gives it allows us to identify it as a South Arabian foundation created around a sanctuary. Mecca is mentioned by Ptolemy, and the name given by Ptolemy allows us to identify that location in South Arabia which was built around the settlement.
Comments: The Greek geographer, Claudius Ptolemy of Alexandria, Egypt, was born in the year 1990 AD and died 168 AD Around the year 150 AD he began to pay attention to the problem of geography. In his book, Geography, book VI, chapter 7, Ptolemy documenting several key locations in the Arab and longitude coordinates complete with lintangnya. Macoraba reported by Ptolemy is not possible is to Mecca with three reasons as follows.:
1. From the structure of his consonants, Macoraba (MCRB) differs from Mecca (MCC) which indicates the city is not Mecca. Yaqut al Hamawi an Arab geographer (1179 AD - 1229 AD) never mentions the existence of a city called Maqarib (source: Mujam al-Buldan, iv, 587) From the structure of the consonants Maqarib (MQRB) approximates MCRB (Macoraba). Patricia Crone, in his book Meccan Trade, Princeton University Press, 1987, page 136 suggests the location of this Maqarib Macoraba or close to Yathrib (Medina).
2. From the position of longitude Strabo wrote that Latriba (Yathrib or Medina) was in 71 degrees. While Macoraba are located at 73 degrees 20 minutes. This means Macoraba located on the east side Latriba (Medina), 2 degrees 20 minutes .. While Mecca was in almost the same longitude with Medina.
3. From Ptolemy mentions Macoraba latitude is the sixth city after Lathrippa (Medina). The first city named after Lathrippa is CARNA. CARNA own city according to Strabo Minaea signed in power in the region of Yemen. So Macoraba unlikely Mecca because it is not located in Yemen.

Source: The Geogrophy of Strabo | Book 16, chapter iv, 2 | The Geogrophy of Strabo, volume vii, translated by Horace L. Jones, 1966, page 311). Link. An important part of this region dominated by four big tribes, by Minaea ... which is the main town CARNA, after which it is Sabaeans, the main town Mariaba, after which it is Cattabanians, the main town Tamna, and the tip of the east, Chatramotitae, which means Hadramout, the city is Sabata.
CARNA is known as the largest city in Yemen, which became the capital of the kingdom Minaea.
Another historian Pliny in his Natural History of Pliny, Book VI, chapter 32, mentions a city by name Mochorba, which it says is the ports on the Hadramout coast of Oman in South Arabia. Hadramout itself is a modern Oman.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica 2003 edition | Topics: Hadramawt That ancient South Arabian kingdoms Occupied what are now southern and Southeastern Yemen and the present-day Sultanate of Oman (Muscat and Oman). Ancient Arab kingdom controlled the southern and southeastern regions of Yemen and is now the sultanate of Oman.
Because of this Macoraba not appear in any historical records other than Ptolemy's writings, it seems Macoraba is just a small settlement that existed in the second century AD at the time of Ptolemy and later abandoned. Very likely a number of tribes of Oman from Mochorba emigrated to the north near the city of CARNA and named their settlement Macoraba by following the name of their hometown that is Mochorba.
PART EIGHT: FROM UNDER THE Procopius of Caesarea (6th Century AD) Procopius lived around the year 550 AD In the book there are some similarities with the above sources of Ibn Ishaq. Starting with the persecution of Christians in Himyar (Yemen) Source: History of the Wars, Procopius of Caesarea | Books I.xix.1 - 16, 23-26; xx.1 - 13: At about the time of this war Ellesthaeus, the king of the Ethiopians, the WHO was a Christian and a most devoted adherent of this faith, discovered That a number of the Omeritae on The Opposite mainland [modern Yemen] Were outrageously oppressing the Christians there; At the time about this war, Elesthaeus, king of Ethiopia, who is a devout Christian, to hear that some people in the region Himyar Yemen cruelly persecuted Christians
The story of this persecution is in Ibn Ishaq's book. Source: Ibn Ishaq's Sirah | Story History of the Prophet Oldest | Muhammadiyah University Press, Volume 1, page 25. Dhu Nawas come against them with his army and forced the inhabitants to embrace the Jewish religion, giving them a choice between life and death, they chose to die. And then Dhu Nawas digging trenches to bury them, burn some of them with fire, kill the other with the sword, until then he had killed almost twenty thousand people ...
The story continues where the king Himyar then defeated, was replaced by another king and then went up Abramus king (Abraha) Source: Procopius, I.xix.1 Book - 16, 23-26; xx.1 - 13: He therefore collected a fleet of ships and an army and Came against Them, Them and he conquered in battle and slew both the king and many of the Omeritae. He then set up in his Stead a Christian king, the Omeritae by birth, by name Esimiphaeus, .... The king then sends ships and troops to invade Himyar, and managed to conquer them and kill the king Himyar and many of its inhabitants. He then proclaimed a descendant Himyar became king, namely Esimiphaeus, ....
These fellows at a time not long after this, in company with certain Others, rose against the king Esimiphaeus and put him "in confinement in one of the fortresses there, and established another king over the Omeritae, Abramus by name. Abramus Now this was a Christian, ... ... Esimiphaeus followers, with the help of several parties, rebelled against the king and held him in one of his castle, and crowned the new king of Himyar, namely Abramus. Abramus is a Christian ...
This story can be found in Ibn Ishaq's book. Source: Ibn Ishaq, page 26-29 DAUs berngkat Abissinia with a letter to the king, and then the king Abissinia sending seventy thousand soldiers ... ... ... Aryat hold power in Yemen for several years, but then broke his rule Abissinia Abraha people .... And people in Yemen receive Abraha Abissinia as their leader ...
The story continues where Abramus experiencing two times the raid by the troops of the king of Ethiopia, but managed to beat them. Source: Procopius, I.xix.1 Book - 16, 23-26; xx.1 - 13: When Ellesthaeus learned this, he was eager to Punish Those Abramus together with WHO Had revolted with him "for on their injustice to Esimiphaeus, and he sent an army against Them of three thousand men with one of his relatives as Commander. This army, once there, was no longer willing to return home, but they want wished to remain Nowhere Were they want in a goodly land, and so without the knowledge of they want on their Commander opened negotiations with Abramus; then they want Pls Came to an engagement with on their opponents, just as the fighting began, they want killed on their Commander and joined the ranks of the Enemy, and so remained there. When Ellesthaeus heard this, he wanted to punish Abramus and his followers who had lowered Esimiphaeus king, and he sent 3000 troops with her relatives as commander. But the troops, while in Himyar, no longer wanted to go home, they want to settle in the fertile Himyar, and without the knowledge of the commander, they negotiate with Abramus and reached an agreement during the battle will begin. They killed the commander and instead join the party Abramus and settled there.
But was greatly MOVED Ellesthaeus with anger and sent still another army against Them; this force engaged with Abramus and his men, and, after suffering a severe defeat in the battle, straightway Returned home. However Ellesthaeus very angry and sends more troops to invade Himyar, and a battle with troops Abramus. After experiencing a severe defeat, they returned again to Ethiophia.
The story then continues where Abramus promised to invade Persia, but later canceled the middle of the road to the Persian invasion. Source: History of the Wars, Procopius of Caesarea | Books I.xix.1 - 16, 23-26; xx.1-13: Later on Abramus too, Pls Had at length he established his power most securely, promised the Emperor Justinian many times to invade the land of Persia, but only once began the journey and then straightway turned back. Steady future after his reign, Emperor Justinian Abramus promised several times to invade Persia, but only once and then travel straight back again.
Uniquely this story appears in Ibn Ishaq's book but with a different version which is reported to invade Abraha to Mecca, a place he did not know where and who are the leaders (see again the unity). But miraculously the elephants they do not want to walk to attack Mecca, Abraha's army and even put to the stones by birds.
Source: Ibn Ishaq, page 38 Suddenly the elephant berlututut, and Nufail immediately jumped up and ran towards the top of the mountain. Abraha's army tried to revive the elephant, but failed to ... ... when they are directing the elephant to Yemen, the elephant immediately stands, but when they turned the direction to Mecca city elephants back on strike. Then God sends them a flock of birds .... Each bird carried three pieces of gravel, like a nut, one half and two in the claws. All of which affected his throws to die ... ..
This story even included in the Qur'an. Sura 105: 1-5 Hast thou not how thy Lord has acted against the Elephant [1602]? Did He not make their guile (to destroy the Ka'bah) is futile?, And He sends them sn bird flocking, who pelted them with rocks (derived) from the burned land, and He made them like eaten leaves (caterpillars).
Ibn Ishaq has seen how the twisted history of Abraha in the interest of Muslims and Arabs:
· Forces who want to rush into Persia, diplintir he wanted to attack Mecca, for reasons like revenge because someone Quraysh katerdral damaging property in Yemen Abraha.
· Troops who stormed the intention to cancel, he said the gajahlah diplintir who do not want the road
· No casualties altogether dipasukan Abraha, diplintir he says many are sentenced to death because the pebbles of nuts by birds.
· Even al-qur'an itself should add a sentence in brackets to link with the Kaaba.
However business · Muslim historian Ibn Ishaq and distort this story still raises oddity, namely:
· Abraha did not know where the city of Mecca to be escorted by someone Taif
· Abraha did not know who the leader of the city of Mecca to have to wonder.

KOK FIGHT PEOPLE WANT TO KNOW WHO DOES NOT WANT AND THAT SHOULD invaded invaded?!? Piye to Iki mas?
CONCLUSION. From the description above that discusses the historical record over a period of 550 BC to 550 AD is clear there are no reports about the existence of the town or city of Mecca by Mecca features. The consequence is the claim of Mecca, the Kaaba and Zamzam existing age of Abraham is a lie the claim.
Some Muslim scholars admit this, the following quotation: 1) Dr. Taha Hussein, a professor from Egypt, the opinion quoted in the book Mizan al-Islam by Anwar Jundi, page 170: "In the case of the story of Abraham and Ishmael built the Kabah is quite clear, this story of the later when Islam began to flourish. Islam mengeploitasi this story for the sake of religion "
Who is DR. Taha Husayn. Quoted from: Encyclopaedia Britannica 2003 edition | Sub-Topic: Taha Hussein
Born November 14, 1889, Maghaghah, Egypt | Died Oct. 28, 1973, Cairo. Figure prominently in the repertoire of modern Egypt ... .. in the year 1902 he studied at Al-Azhar University, Cairo ... ... in the year 1908 he entered the University of Cairo and in 1914 became the first person who holds a doctorate ... ... Taha became professor of Arab Culture at the University of Cairo, career filled with turmoil because of critical views which often angered the orthodox Islam. .... In 1926 he published the book On Pre-Islamic Poetry, in this book he concluded several poems which are pre-Islam is actually a forgery by Muslims and then for several reasons, one of which is to give authority to the Qur'an. Because of this book, he declared infidels. ... .. Taha then served as Minister of Education in the year 1950 - 1952 ... ..
2) W Aliyudin Shareef, in the book In Response to Robert Morey's Islamic Invasion, pages 3-4: "In the time before Islam, Ishmael is never mentioned as the Father of the Arab Nation"
3) Muhammad Husayn Haykal, The bukuna: Life History of Muhammad | PART TWO: Mecca, Ka'bah and Quraysh. ... .. To know the history of this city built REALLY DIFFICULT ONCE. MAY once he went back in time thousands of years ago. ... .... MAY Abraham's son Ishmael was the first person to make it as a residence, .... If Ishmael was the first person to make Makkah as a place to live, then the history of this place before it was DARK ONCE.
Of course, the Pre Islamic history of Mecca because it's so dark yet there is an age of Abraham and Ishmael
4) Martin Lings In his book: Muhammad - The Prophet Life Stories Based on the Classical Source, Porch Universe Science, 2002, page 10. ... There are two scriptures that surround the center of Abraham: one its region, and one MAY NOT KNOW, and MAY KESANALAH Hajar and Ismail to be led, kesuatu desolate valley in Arabia ....... The valley was named Bakah.
Of course, the Pre Islamic history of Mecca has NOT KNOW, because there is no age of Abraham and Ishmael
So, when the city of Mecca and the Kaaba was founded? :
• By referring to the pre-Islamic poetry that was hung in the Kaaba temple builders were clearly indicate the Quraish. Construction of the temple is usually in conjunction with the building of the city. Quraish himself likely to live in the late second century AD
• By Macoraba's suppose that it is the Mecca of this city still emerging at the stage of history around the mid 2nd century AD

Can dinyatakn that the new city of Mecca and the Ka'ba there was fastest in the second century AD
So when the spring of Zamzam and a black stone found: Well of Zamzam and a new black stone was first discovered by the grandfather of Muhammad Abdul Muthallib SAWdi early 500s AD
--- --- That 's all


7 Myths About Islam
.7 Lies about Islam. By Timothy R. Furnish *
* Mr. Furnish, Ph.D (Islamic History), is Assistant Professor, History, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA 30 338. Mr. Furnish is the author of "holiest Wars: Islamic Mahdis, on their Jihads and Osama bin Laden" (Praeger, 2005).
Most are not due to 9 / 11, the U.S. increasingly sharpen their knowledge about Islam and the Middle East. Unfortunately, the information disseminated in the media about those topics is often wrong. These are the seven myths about Islam and Islamic history repeated in the media.
First, that Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world. Mormonism and Scientology also consider ourselves to grow rapidly, but not many people outside of Salt Lake City and Hollywood believe.
Spt presented Philip Jenkins of Penn State University in his writings about Christianity, particularly Pentecostal Movement - is to trust the most rapid growth. Currently there are 2 billion Christians and 1.3 billion Muslims (out of total world population of 6 billion), and in the 21st century, Christianity will maintain its position due to growth in sub-Saharan Africa and China.
Second, that Islam is a religion of peace. Indeed there are verses of the Quran who show tolerance: Surah al-Baqarah: 256 says "there be no compulsion in Marshall religion;" Surah al-Furqan: 65ff says That God Will Be merciful to Those WHO repent and do good works; and Sura al-Nisa ': 19ff enjoins Muslim men to Provide financially for Wives and Ex-Wives.
But the revelations that sank with the existence of: Sura Anfal: 12ff and Sura Muhammad: 3ff command the beheading of unbelievers; Sura al-Nisa ': 34ff allows for beating of one's Wives and in Verses 74ff and 94ff, Promises great reward for Those WHO die fighting for Allah, Sura al-Ma 'idah: 51 says "Believers, take normal Neither Jews Christians for your friends."
Indeed there is the violence in the Gospels or the Book Length Testament Jews (Joshua and David is a military and religious leaders as well). But both Muslim and non-Muslims do not deny the existence of the verses of violence and misoginistik this Qur'an. Many reasons justify the verse-verse, for example: depending on the context, meaning, etc. etc. just metaphorical. But one can not say that these verses do not exist. So people who say that Islam teaches peace obviously have never read the Quran.
Indeed most Muslims nowadays do not enforce the verses about the beheading. But still, there are Muslims who interpret it literally.
Third, that Jihad does not mean holy war. Lie often appears in reference books and media repetitive stress that jihad actually means "an effort to be good Muslims."
But the history of Islam shows that Jihad means; fighting against NON-MUSLIMS UNDER CONTROL REGION FOR MUSLIM expand. Al-Bukhari 9M live in a century and is the most authoritative biographer of Mohammed says emphatically and repeatedly that jihad means "holy war." Jihad as "Muslim piety" is owned by the Sufis, a mystical branch of Islam teachings, and who now represents the views very minority.
Islamic history is also filled with leaders who declare jihad against their enemies - even the Ottoman Empire who were quite moderate-declared jihad against the French, British and Russians in World War I!
Fourth, is the biggest lie that Islam spread peacefully from Arabia, as if the followers of Mohammed knocking from door to door, divide the brochure. From the beginning of the seventh century, Muslims were militarily conquered territories and forcing people to embrace Islam. Indeed, some Christian kingdoms had to do it all, BUT THEY NEVER argue!
Muslim Arab armies destroyed the Persian empire and replace the native religion, Zoroastrian, they invaded the only Christian Byzantine empire and who was left in a few centuries to annex some territory. Pd yrs 732M, from Morocco, the Muslim army into France! Th 750M, insight Muslims (Darul Islam) control over the territory of the Iberian Peninsula to India. And in the next century, Muslims were still entered into offensive attacks, with only two exceptions: an act of "Reconquista" in Iberia and the Crusades (Crusades).
Fifth, the myth of boring that the European Catholic Crusader was the lead-off war with Islam and Muslims during the 8th century, who wept for the injustice they experienced eight centuries earlier. Actually, the Crusades (Crusades), 1095-1291, was an attempt to recapture the Christian lands of Islam who annexed.
The next tale is that poverty produces terrorists. Most of the terrorist 9 / 11 and London is a university educated and middle class. Same with the suicide bombers (suicide bomb development), Palestine and Iraq. A British terrorism expert said the problem that "socio-economic background did not play a role." Poverty can be factors, but not enough to explain Islamic terrorism
Tale end that Islam has been "in-hostage" terrorists. If so, bin Laden, the ayatollah in Iran, the Taliban, Wahhabism in Saudi, all of whom have taken advantage of religion that "moderate" for their purposes. But no one can say that the behavior of the terrorists had not sanctioned the Koran.
Ibn Taymiyah, the most famous Islamic scholars who lived 700 years ago, dividing the world into Darul Islam and Darul Harb. The only good ruler who is a religious Muslim who, according to Ibn Taymiyah. With this he meant Muslim rulers impose shariah. Many Muslims who do not agree but there are many who agree with you more (10% of the 1.3 billion Muslims = 130 million. Quite a lot is not it?)
Islam today is the same with Christianity before the "Thirty Years' War" (1618-1648) that caused the West to separate religion from state affairs, and thereby remove any threat of religious war.
We now need to open the eyes of reality is bitter about Islam. If not, this is like lying to themselves and the result is fatal.
====
More Myths on Islam: Table of Contents Introductory Comments The Koran Chapter 1 - The Quran is preserved and Unchanged Revelation from Allah Chapter 2 - The Quran is Allah's Perfect and Complete Word Theology Chapter 3 - God is the Same as the God of the Bible Chapter 4 - Muslims Reverence Jesus Christ Mohammed Chapter 5 - Mohammed was a Prophet of God Chapter 6 - Mohammed was the fulfillment of Biblical Prophecies Social Impact Chapter 7 - Islam is a Peaceful Religion Chapter 8 - Islam is a tolerant Religion Chapter 9 - Women are Respected and Equal in Islam Eternal Efficacy Chapter 10 - Islam is a Religion Which Can Offer Eternal Salvation


LIE: CHASING SCIENCE STATE TO CHINA
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Quran is the most blatant falsehood and that many Muslims believe is about "CHASING STATE SCIENCE TO CHINA."
Where possible in the Quraan, Muhammad, who lives between 570-632 it knows there is a kingdom of China at that time? The fact that the kingdom of China there has been no dizaman life of Muhammad, the Chinese territory it still consists of many small kingdoms such as the Cou, Tang, Khitan, Uighurs and so on. None of the kingdom which may be represented as the Chinese empire.
So where could Muhammad could encourage people to learn to China like never before that time?!?
Suppose you want to think it absurd to trust you, it would conflict with the teachings of Islam itself. What country would learn from China soften it?!? Learning Buddhism was not a special place because it also exists in India. If dizaman before you go to another country could not have learned to make cars but only religious schools that exist. While in Chinese popular religion is the religion of the time Confucius, Tao, and others that many kinds are clearly prohibited by the teachings of Islam. So what I want to pursue science to China that?!? Making silk was not the Chinese empire into motivatornya or manufacturer, all of them are just people who happened to innovation located in China and all of that is a secret family in the ways of making no secret of the kingdom.
Or science "Kungfu" Muslims who want to be pursued as recommended by the Koran? rose is not possible, because even in Chinese Kungfu did not belong to the kingdom but it is a secret even small families who teach Kungfu organizations are also required to be a disciple of mass religious belief in them like "Kung Fu Siao Lim Shi" which is part of Buddhist worship, which surely this is not possible in the Qur'an, because Islam itself against Buddhist teachings to worship a statue of Buddha, even Muslims are obliged to destroy all forms of sculpture, including Buddha statues, and that's what Muslims do in Afghanistan as religious worship.
In conclusion, none of the true Islamic teachings can prove that the teachings of Muhammad's teachings, including polygamy, stoning him etc who had been there since long before Muhammad was born. Even Moses, and Abraham, who called in the Qur'an as the Muslim religion was not Islam but also described as a religion of surrendering to God that in this case meant the Jewish nation was not Allah Lord of Islam. They should have because of Moses and Abraham were not the Arabs would not have in place for reference we use Arabic as the most right about the religious beliefs of this Moses & Abraham. To be sure both Moses and Abraham could not be derived through the Moslem Muhammad long before Muhammad was born, because the so-called religion of Islam is the religion which God revealed to Muhammad through Gabriel's revelation by the angels.
From these facts, clear teachings of Islam Religion or indeed through the long process of writing / creating his holy book Quraan. Proven new Chinese empire emerged and is known around the world dizaman Khan Jenghiz 1200s. Clearly, Quraan, it was known his flock in the years above the 1200's and it's not teaching 'prophet' Muhammad.
Hopefully you can learn from this incident!

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